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Evaggelos Balaskas - System Engineer: Protecting your Authoritative PowerDNS Server with dnsdist

PowerDNS

My Authoritative PowerDNS configuration, is relative simple:

Configuration

# egrep -v '^($|#)' pdns.conf

guardian=yes
launch=bind
bind-config=/etc/pdns/named.conf
local-address=MY_IPv4_ADDRESS
local-ipv6=MY_IPv6_ADDRESS
setgid=pdns
setuid=pdns

Bind Backend

I use bind backend (I used to have bind and I am too lazy to change it).

the named.conf doesnt have much:

zone "balaskas.gr" IN {
    type master;
    file "/etc/pdns/var/balaskas.gr";
};

Logs

Today, I’ve noticed some unusual traffic to my server, so I’ve enabled the logging features:

log-dns-details=yes
log-dns-queries=yes
query-logging=yes

DDoS

The horror !!!

In less than 10minutes or so, almost 2500 “unique” IPs was “attacking” my auth-dns with random queries.

To give you an example:

utmzcnqjytkpmnop.madingyule.net
gdqlozsdqngdidkb.madingyule.net
wrojktwlwhevwtup.madingyule.net
enozexazqxoj.madingyule.net
izahejotetwlkhql.madingyule.net

IPtables

iptables to the rescue:

iptables -I INPUT -m string --algo bm --string "madingyule" -j DROP

dnsdist

I need a more permanent solution, so I’ve asked the IRC about it. They point me to dnsdist.

I’ve already knew about dnsdist but I always thought it was a solution for recursors and not for auth-ns.

dnsdist is a highly DNS-, DoS- and abuse-aware loadbalancer

and works fine for auth-ns setup too.

pdns configuration

My auth-ns configuration must change:

any-to-tcp=no
disable-tcp=yes
dname-processing=yes
guardian=yes
launch = bind
bind-config = /etc/pdns/named.conf
local-address=127.0.0.1
local-port=5353

Disabling any global listener and tcp.

dnsdist configuration

and here is my dnsdist configuration:

/etc/dnsdist/dnsdist.conf

-- accept DNS queries on UDP and TCP
addLocal("MY_IPv4_IP:53")
addLocal("[MY_IPv6_IP]:53")

-- fwd queries to localhost
newServer({address="127.0.0.1:5353"})

-- resets the list to this array
setACL("::/0")
addACL("0.0.0.0/0")

I am not 100% sure about the ACL but everything seems ok.

Monit

So dnsdist is now in front of my powerdns auth-ns setup and handles everything, blocking what is necessary.

To be sure that the daemon is ip:

/etc/monit.d/dnsdist.monit

check process dnsdist with pidfile /var/run/dnsdist.pid
    alert evaggelos_AT_balaskas_DOT_gr only on { timeout, nonexist }
    start program = "/etc/init.d/dnsdist start"
    stop program  = "/etc/init.d/dnsdist stop"

dnsdist - client

To connect to the dnsdist daemon, you need to add the below configuration:

controlSocket("127.0.0.1")

That means, after reloading the daemon, you can connect on it with:

# dnsdist -c

dnsdist - basics

Some basic things about dnsdist

Commands:

addAction(                         addAnyTCRule()                     addDelay(
addDisableValidationRule(          addDNSCryptBind(                   addDomainBlock(
addDomainSpoof(                    addDynBlocks(                      addLocal(
addLuaAction(                      addNoRecurseRule(                  addPoolRule(
addQPSLimit(                       addQPSPoolRule(                    addResponseAction(
AllowAction()                      AllowResponseAction()              AllRule()
AndRule(                           benchRule(                         carbonServer(
clearDynBlocks()                   clearQueryCounters()               clearRules()
controlSocket(                     DelayAction(                       DelayResponseAction(
delta()                            DisableValidationAction()          DropAction()
DropResponseAction()               dumpStats()                        exceedNXDOMAINs(
exceedQRate(                       exceedQTypeRate(                   exceedRespByterate(
exceedServFails(                   firstAvailable                     fixupCase(
generateDNSCryptCertificate(       generateDNSCryptProviderKeys(      getPoolServers(
getQueryCounters(                  getResponseRing()                  getServer(
getServers()                       grepq(                             leastOutstanding
LogAction(                         makeKey()                          MaxQPSIPRule(
MaxQPSRule(                        mvResponseRule(                    mvRule(
newDNSName(                        newQPSLimiter(                     newRemoteLogger(
newRuleAction(                     newServer(                         newServerPolicy(
newSuffixMatchNode()               NoRecurseAction()                  PoolAction(
printDNSCryptProviderFingerprint(  QNameLabelsCountRule(              QNameWireLengthRule(
QTypeRule(                         RCodeRule(                         RegexRule(
registerDynBPFFilter(              RemoteLogAction(                   RemoteLogResponseAction(
rmResponseRule(                    rmRule(                            rmServer(
roundrobin                         setACL(                            setAPIWritable(
setDNSSECPool(                     setECSOverride(                    setECSSourcePrefixV4(
setECSSourcePrefixV6(              setKey(                            setLocal(
setMaxTCPClientThreads(            setMaxTCPQueuedConnections(        setMaxUDPOutstanding(
setQueryCount(                     setQueryCountFilter(               setRules(
setServerPolicy(                   setServerPolicyLua(                setServFailWhenNoServer(
setTCPRecvTimeout(                 setTCPSendTimeout(                 setUDPTimeout(
setVerboseHealthChecks(            show(                              showACL()
showDNSCryptBinds()                showDynBlocks()                    showResponseLatency()
showResponseRules()                showRules()                        showServerPolicy()
showServers()                      showTCPStats()                     showVersion()
shutdown()                         SpoofAction(                       TCAction()
testCrypto()                       topBandwidth(                      topClients(
topQueries(                        topResponseRule()                  topResponses(
topRule()                          topSlow(                           truncateTC(
unregisterDynBPFFilter(            webserver(                         whashed
wrandom                            addACL(                            

dnsdist - ACL

The default ACL is:


> showACL()
127.0.0.0/8
10.0.0.0/8
100.64.0.0/10
169.254.0.0/16
192.168.0.0/16
172.16.0.0/12
::1/128
fc00::/7
fe80::/10
Tag(s): dnsdist, powerdns

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